40 Amazing Lion Facts

40 Amazing Lion Facts

The lion is a large cat of the genus Panthera native to Africa and India. It has a muscular, broad-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions are larger than females and have a prominent mane. Wikipedia
Scientific namePanthera leo
OrderCarnivora
Lifespan15 – 16 years (Female, Adult, In the wild), 8 – 10 years (Male, Adult, In the wild)
Height1.2 m (Male, Adult, At Shoulder), 90 – 110 cm (Female, Adult, At Shoulder)
Mass190 kg (Male, Adult), 130 kg (Female, Adult)

The earliest lion fossils, considered to be 1.4 to 1.2 million years old, were found at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. It appears that the species spread out from Africa and moved to different parts of the world where it thrived.

Lion prey includes antelopes, zebras, wildebeest, buffalo, and other grassland animals. These animals are often larger and faster than an individual lion. Lions are fierce predators that often stalk their prey before attacking.

Lions stand between 3.5 and 4 feet (1 and 1.2 meters) tall at the shoulder. Males grow to lengths of 10 feet (3 meters) and have a 2 to 3 foot (60 to 91 centimeter) tail. They weigh from 330 to 550 pounds (150 to 250 kilograms).

Lions are carnivores, which means they are animals that only eat meat , they are also known Apex Predator. Some of the types of prey they catch include birds, hares, turtles, mice, lizards, wild hogs, wild dogs, antelopes, cheetahs, buffaloes, leopards, crocodiles, baby elephants, rhinoceros, hippopotamuses, and even tall giraffes. Maybe you know that a group of lions is called  A pride.

  1. Lions belong to the Felidae family. It is a pedigree of meat-eating animals commonly known as cats.
  1. Lions are the second largest big cat species in the world.
  1. The genus and sub-species of a lion are called Panthera Leo.
  1. Lions are the national animal of Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, the Netherlands, Norway, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Togo, and England.
  1. A baby lion is called a cub, lionet, or a whelp.
  2. The life span of a lion living in the wild ranges between 10 and 14 years.
  1. Lions are carnivorous, and they usually hunt big animals. A female lion needs approximately 5 kilograms of meat, and a male eats about 7 kilograms of meat every single day.
  1. Sometimes, a lion is referred to as hyper-carnivore as meat forms about 80% of its diet.
  2. Usually, female lions hunt for the pride while the male lions protect the territory and their cubs. They usually hunt from dusk till dawn.
  1. A lion can run at a speed of 80 kilometers per hour.
  1. Lions are the laziest among all the big cats. They spend most of their time resting and can sleep for approximately 21 hours a day.
  1. A two-year-old female lion grows up to two-thirds of an adult’s size.
  1. They preferably inhabit in the Savannah or grasslands.
  1. Lions are more social unlike the other members of the big cat family. Lions prefer to live in a pride that has more female lions and a few male lions to patrol and protect their territory and the cubs.
  1. The cubs are vulnerable to predators like leopards, hyenas, and black-backed jackals and have a mortality rate of 65-70%.
  2. A pride can be as small as three lions living together or as big as 40 lions together.
  1. On average, a female lion weighs 120 to 182 kilograms. Male lions are much bigger and heftier than female lions and weigh nearly 150 to 250 kilograms.
  1. The length of lions can be anything between 4.5 to 6.5 feet.
  2. A newborn cub weighs around 1.5 kilograms at the time of birth.
  1. The height of a male lion is about 72 to 84 inches, and that of female lions can be 63 to 72 inches tall.
  2. A lion’s mane is the most distinct feature that separates it from the others in the cat family. The mane starts growing at the age of one; lions with a darker mane have higher reproductive strength when compared to other lions.
  1. The gestation period of a lion is four months or 110 days. Like other cats, lionesses prefer to hide away while giving birth.
  2. A lioness can give birth to 2-4 babies at a time and keeps the infant cubs hidden for the first six weeks. Later, all the females of the pride take care of the cubs.
  1. Most wild lion population lies in the southern and eastern parts of Africa.
  1. Lions can leap as high as 36 feet. (Jaw-dropping!)
  2. Lions have to protect their dead prey from hyenas and vultures so that it can serve as another meal for them.
  1. Lions are ready to mate by the age of 3 or 4 years.
  2. African lions eat larger animals like zebras, antelopes, and other wild beastsf. The Asiatic lions, on the other hand, eat large as well as smaller animals.
  3. White lions are a rare find. Their skin color is due to a rare genetic condition caused by leucism.
  1. When the water is scarce, the lions drink fluids from wild melons. This is to avoid dehydration and retain moisture in their bodies.
  1. Lionesses work together in a team while hunting, and the whole pride shares the kill. But they follow an order: the males eat first, then the females, and lastly the cubs.
  2. The digestive system of lions is pretty fast, which is why they go for a hunt not long after they’re devoured the previous kill.
  3. When close to a source of water, lions drink water every day. But they can also go without water for 4-5 days as they obtain moisture from the bodies of their prey.
  4. Lions are among the animals that are at the top of the food chain, which is why they are also referred to as the alpha predators.
  1. Lions become weak and worn between the age of 10 and 15.
  2. Did you know? The roar of an adult male lion can be heard from 5 miles or 8 kilometers away.
  1. When lions are kept in captivity they are also bred with other big cats like tigers, leopards or jaguars. The resulting hybrids are referred to as ligers, tigons, leopons or jaglions.
  1. Female lions are attracted more to male lions with darker manes.
  1. Simba, weighing 380 kilograms, is the heaviest lion on record till date. He was kept captive at Colchester Zoo in England.
  1. While walking, the heels of a lion do not touch the ground.

Are Lion’s Life At Risk?

Lions are among those at the top of the food chain and have no other predators. But is that entirely true? Unfortunately, No! Because lions have predators too and sadly it’s us. Humans! Here is some information about the risks that lions are at because of the human race.

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